European Policy on immigration attaches lot of importance on countries of origin and transit for better management of migration flow. With which economic or political strategy is this related? Under what bias, the migration
questions have been introduced amongst the relationships external to EU and follow which concrete application modalities? What are the consequences on European policy of co-operation and development? What social, political and legislative transformations will the developing countries be subjected to?
1)Introduction of migration questions with respect to external relations to EU
General Introduction of EU’s political and economical strategy on migration. “Obsession” on the issue of security and demographic needs.
Introduction of migration clauses in the association and co-operation agreements
The MEDA programme / Euro-Mediterranean partnership
Readmission agreement / Cotonou Agreement
Negotiation of readmission agreements and of “Give and Take” policy.
Impact on development and co-operation programs
Development funds reoriented towards security priorities, the clause of conditionality of aid and the role of migrations as agents of development.
Concrete example: Valley of River Senegal
2)Consequences of third countries
social, political and judicial changes in the countries of origin and transit
Evolution of national legislation with the aim of reinforcing the role of “Immigration Police”, creation of control zones, systemising detention of
Two examples of legislative modifications : Marocco and Romania
Reorientation of South-South Migratory flows